Some Alberta residents may imagine violent physical confrontations when the subject of assault is brought up, but it is intent rather than the degree of violence that forms the basis of an assault charge. Thus, individuals may be charged with assault for making a threatening gesture to another individual even if no physical contact is made.
There are four types of assault charge in Alberta. Aggravated assault is the violent crime that many people associate with assault. An assault is considered aggravated when the action maims, disfigures or endangers life. Simple assault, on the other hand, is an unwanted touch or gesture that does not cause injury or damage.